Lisbon - St. George's Castle & Piri Piri Chicken

Castelo de São Jorge, or St. George's Castle, looks out over red roofed Lisbon.

After breakfast and a ride on Tram 28, my next stop in Lisbon was Castelo de São Jorge, or St. George's Castle. Situated high in the hills, the Moorish castle offers epic views of the city's red roofed buildings and the bordering River Tagus. With such great sight lines it's no wonder the location was chosen to guard the city.

An ancient, gnarled tree stands on the grounds of St. George's Castle.
Heavily fortified St. George's Castle holds a few surprises, can you spot the peacock?

Originally built by the Moors in the 11th century, the castle served as a luxurious refuge for Portuguese Royalty. In the 1500s the castle was fortified, taking on an increased military purpose. By the twentieth century, following a massive earthquake in 1755 and lots of military action, the royal palace and much of the castle was in ruins, necessitating extensive restoration work. Today, while the scale is grand, the castle feels very much like a fortress. Very little of the structure's former splendor remains.

A retired canon guards St. George's Castle and offers a great city view of Lisbon.
Reflections of Lisbon in the window of a cafe at St. George's Castle.
A view of the River Tagus from high in the hills of Lisbon, at St. George's Castle.

My favorite part of St. George's Castle was the animal life. Within the confines of the castle cats and peacocks roam free. The cats were pretty ambivalent towards humans. Most hung out along the edges of the fortress walls, while a few scavenged near the outdoor dining areas. The peacocks seemed to pop up in unexpected spots (can you spot the peacock in this photo?) but were a colorful addition to the somewhat drab stone castle. I had a bit of a laugh as one peacock was quite content to block the entrance to the women's restroom, intimidating several young ladies in need of the facilities.

Along with dozens of cats, proud peacocks roam the grounds of Lisbon's St. George Castle.
One of the many cats at St. George Castle in Lisbon.
A peacock guards the restrooms at St. George's Castle in Lisbon, Portugal.

The views are the biggest draw at the castle. I'm not sure it's a must see attraction unless you are a military or history buff. I enjoyed my visit but you can also get great views from many of the miradors scattered around Lisbon. Entry is discounted if you have purchased a Lisboa Card from the tourism center, otherwise the castle costs 7,50 euros for an adult. I visited in the early afternoon on a Monday and the entrance queue was quite long.

Climb the old stone steps to get the best views at Lisbon's St. George's Castle.
Red roofs peak through the fortifications of St. George Castle in Lisbon, Portugal.
A fantastic view of hilly Lisbon from the top of St. George's Castle.

I spent the rest of the afternoon wandering around Lisbon, hopping on and off the tram to take photos. Conveniently, Tram 28 ran right past my guesthouse with stops just a block away in both directions. Also steps away was Casa da India, where I sampled one of Lisbon's many signature dishes, piri-piri chicken.

Spit roasted and served with tangy pepper sauce, Casa da India's half chicken was pretty good. The white meat was a little dry (but the dark drumstick was great) and the french fries merely average. Both were greatly improved by the addition of spicy chili oil. The best thing on the plate might have been the rice, which was speckled with carrots and greens, and (best of all) absorbed some of the salty chicken drippings. Factor in a mini bottle of Vinho Verde, and dinner was a success.

A half chicken with rice and french fries at Casa da India in Lisbon, Portugal.
Make sure to request some Piri Piri sauce to accompany your chicken at Casa da India in Lisbon.
I didn't have any trouble, but keep an eye out for pick pockets on Lisbon's Tram 28.
The view from the balcony at my guesthouse in Lisbon, Portugal.
Chicken is grilled at Casa da India in Lisbon's Chiado neighborhood.


London - Tourists & Tea

London's Trafalgar Square, from the base of the massive National Gallery.

When I'm planning a trip I often have an internal debate, should I spend my time in one city to really get a feel for it or squeeze in as many destinations as possible?  With a major city like London it's a no brainer. My friend Katy and I spent a (mostly) leisurely ten days in the city. We were able to take our time exploring London and took a lovely day trip to Oxford. But even with well over a week to sight see, our last day crept up on us. Suddenly we had a handful of places to see and things to do, all within a span of 12 hours.

A sunny view of Buckingham Palace in London, England.

We started our day at the massive National Gallery. It's free (!!!) and full of masterpieces essential to the canon of Art History. It's also huge and kind of exhausting to navigate. And we didn't even attempt to conquer the National Portrait Gallery. There's so much great art in London that it can be a little overwhelming. For a slightly more manageable art experience, make sure to visit the lovely Courtauld Gallery, which houses many important Impressionist and Post-Impressionist pieces.

But back to The National Gallery, here's a list of paintings that you should make certain to view during your visit. As a former Art History major, I was thrilled to see so many of the pieces I had once studied, like 'Madonna of the Rocks' by da Vinci, Manet's 'Music in the Tuileries Gardens' and, especially, 'The Arnolfini Portrait' by van Eyck. In person, the latter was much smaller than I expected. But that just made the level of detail involved all the more impressive.

Nelson's Column marks the middle of Trafalgar Square in London.
An iconic red telephone box in the heart of London, England.

After a few hours immersed in the museum, we found a wonderfully sunny London waiting outside. We paused for some photos at Trafalgar Square then looped around Big Ben, Westminster Abbey and, finally, Buckingham Palace. We didn't stay for the changing of the guard, just stopped for a peak before heading to posh tea emporium, Fortnum & Mason. The multi-storied Piccadilly location is enormous, with a floor full of teas and treats, one for china, and their own tea room (next time!)

We spent entirely too much time ogling the hundreds of teas, jam, and sweets, then debating which to take home as gifts and souvenirs. I left with two tins of cream biscuits (lemon marmalade and chocolate covered orange,) two jars of preserves (amazing lemon curd and gooseberry & elderflower) plus a box of Countess Gray tea, a delightful smoky citrus blend that I have been carefully doling out since the trip. All that shopping for tea had us ready to try some, so we set off for our final London indulgence, the most British of pastimes, afternoon tea.

London's massive Gothic church, Westminster Abbey.
Double Decker red buses circle around London's landmark Big Ben.
A tower of tea treats at Brown's Hotel in London.

There are tons of options when it comes to traditional afternoon tea in London and, after a little research, we chose Brown's Hotel in Mayfair. Doing my homework, I learned that afternoon tea and high tea are not interchangeable terms. Traditionally, afternoon tea was more of a luxury for the upper classes, a sustaining bridge between midday and a late evening meals. While High Tea was a full, heavier meal, served around 6pm, to hungry members of the working class after a long day. Tea at Brown's falls firmly in the luxury category and it's evident as soon as you step into the hotel. Our coats were quickly whisked away and we were settled onto plush, low couches. Afternoon tea is an experience, an expensive, fancy experience.

A perfect cup of tea at Brown's Hotel in London, England.
Afternoon Tea at Brown's Hotel in London is served with real silver.
What's afternoon tea without scones paired with clotted cream and jam?

The menu at Brown's features around 17 teas and I wish I could recall which I ordered. I do remember that both Katy and I were pleased with our selections. Our teas were delivered promptly followed by an elegant tower of delicious things. You absolutely won't leave hungry. Knowing that tea would be both pricey and filling, we prepared by eating breakfast then smartly abstaining until our reservation. From top to bottom, all treats are continually replenished on request. Including the perfectly trimmed and filled finger sandwiches. From left to right: cucumber, smoked salmon, roast beef, egg salad, and chicken salad. I enjoyed all, but my favorites were the salads, chicken and egg.

Warm cream and currant scones at Brown's Hotel in London.
A selection of perfectly trimmed sandwiches served at afternoon tea at Brown's Hotel.
A fresh scone gets the clotted cream treatment at the Brown's Hotel.

If you've never been lucky enough to try clotted cream, you should get on that asap. Though the name is kind of terrible, clotted cream in fact tastes like pure, unsweetened whipped cream with a thick, almost sticky texture. Paired with loosely set strawberry jam on top of a tender scone, it's basically heaven. Brown's petite scones are delivered separately from the rest of the tea tower, so they're fresh and warm from the oven.

A light chicken and watercress sandwich at Brown's Hotel afternoon tea.
Our table neighbors just nibbled a bit on their Afternoon Tea before leaving quickly.
The desert plate for afternoon tea at Brown's Hotel.

At the top of the tea tower is a plate of sweets, varieties change seasonally. We were served a cup of chocolate moose, a darling pistachio eclair, a raspberry filled tea cake, an oversized macaron, and a two-bite fruit tart. I admit that I filled up on scones and sandwiches so I don't remember much about these, especially after a trolley came around, delivering slices of chocolate cream and vanilla strawberry cake.

And it's not over, a cart swings by with freshly sliced cake at Brown's Hotel.
The aftermath of endless tea at Brown's Hotel.

Although the setting and service was quite formal, we never felt uncomfortable. In fact, it was quite fun to observe the visitors surrounding us. A clearly affluent couple to our left breezed in for some champagne and tea then left after just a few bites from their tower of food. Meanwhile, to our right, a pair of girls were clearly making a day of it, having arrived before us and still there as we took our leave. We too made the most of our time, taking seconds of sandwiches and scones along with several refills of hot water for our tea.

Booking ahead at Brown's is recommended. It's super easy to do online, just a few clicks and a credit card and we had our reservation. We were a little early for our seating, but it was no problem. Tables are reserved for 90 minutes but we were never rushed in any way, perhaps it would be a different story during prime weekend hours. Spending a leisurely afternoon at Brown's was a wonderful way to end our trip to London. Even if it was a bit of a budget buster it was one of the most memorable experiences of the visit.

The grand, wide steps to London's famed National Gallery.
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